This meeting will examine shifting eighteenth-century notions of the human body through a short lecture and an examination of contemporary documents from natural philosophy. We will focus on notions of human nature and its relation to physiology, followed by a short discussion of the social context of anatomy in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
By the end of this meeting, you will be able to
- Discuss a variety of eighteenth-century notions of human nature.
- Explain how discourses about human nature related to developing ideas about gender and race.
- Explain the relationship between crime, punishment, and anatomy in late 18th and early 19th-century England.
- Bowler, Peter J. and Iwan Rhys Morus. 2005. Making Modern Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 23-53
- “Senses.” The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d’Alembert Collaborative Translation Project. Translated by Nelly S. Hoyt and Thomas Cassirer. Ann Arbor: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library, 2003. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.did2222.0000.167 (accessed January 4, 2013). Originally published as “Sens,” Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, 15:24–27 (Paris, 1765).
- Vila, Anne C. 1995. Sex and Sensibility: Pierre Roussel’s Système physique et moral de la femme. Representations. 52: 76-93
- Jason M. Kelly. 25 June 2013. Death, Utility, and Education, Part 1: Dissection and the Public Good. From Jason M. Kelly Blog.
- You must complete the History Publication Report for Anne C. Vila’s article. Be sure to upload a copy to your Oncourse Dropbox before class. Also, bring a copy (either printed or digital) with you for class discussion.
materialism, mind/body dualism, sensibility, vitalism, mechanism